The Basics of Government

The term government is used to describe the way people organize themselves in order to accomplish goals and provide benefits that a society needs, such as food, health care and jobs. Governments exist throughout the world in many forms, but most have common characteristics. They make rules, collect taxes, create a legal system, and protect citizens. They also have a monopoly on the legal use of force and have a police force to enforce their laws. They may be democratic, parliamentary, presidential, federal or unitary.

Governments are made up of three main branches—Legislative, Executive and Judicial. Each branch is designed to work together, but each has the power to check or limit the power of the other branches. This helps prevent a single person or group from becoming too powerful.

Congress makes the rules that govern the United States. Its members are elected by the citizens of each state. Congress also decides how much money a country should spend on things like defense, education, and infrastructure. It can also choose how to spend the money it gets from taxes.

If the President believes that a law passed by Congress isn’t the right way to go, he or she can veto it. Then Congress has to vote again to override the veto. Congress can also impeach the president if it believes that he or she is acting unconstitutionally.

The Cabinet and other executive agencies help the President carry out the laws that Congress passes. The President also appoints the Supreme Court Justices. Congress has the power to approve or reject these appointments.

While the market provides most of the things we need in our daily lives, there are some items that the market isn’t able to provide in large enough quantities or at low enough prices for everyone. These are called public goods. Governments are the best organizations to make sure these goods or services get made and that they are available to everyone.

While there are many theories about why governments exist, most agree that they first evolved as a way to protect people from conflicts over property and other resources. It is possible that the first governments were simple groups of people that came together and recognized that one member had more power than others, so they agreed to let this one person take charge of the group. This led to the idea that the people in a certain territory (later known as a nation) should have their own government and be protected from outside interference. This is why we still have governments today. They are the only organizations that can protect a nation against attack from other countries and that can keep its citizens safe. They do this by making the rules, enforcing those rules, and judging any conflicts that occur between the rules. In the United States, we call this the Constitution. The United States Constitution breaks down the government into its different branches—legislative, executive and judicial.